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1 PTM Control


Build It

  • We are going to now learn how to include digital control to your Arduino.
  • To do this, we will need to connect a PTM switch to your breadboard.
  • Look at the photo below to see how to wire the board.
  • You will need the following.
    1. 1 X PTM switch
    2. 1 X 10K resistor
    3. 2 X Red single core jump wire
    4. 1 X Black single core jump wire
  • Before we can start wiring up the switch, we need to know how the switch is connected.
  • The switch is wired in 2 rows, when the button is pushed, all 4 pins are connected.


  • The PTM switch needs to be connected across the gap in the centre of the breadboard.
  • It will only fit one way around as the pins are connected in a rectangle shape.
  • We are going use the input A5 for the switch. This will need a 10k pull down resistor and connection to power.
  • Please note there is a black jump wire at the end of the board to connect ground to the bottom of the breadboard.


  • Below is the circuit diagram of how you would connect it is it was a Genie microcontroller.


Code It

  • We now need to start coding the switch to control the LED.
  • Open up your previous code for the LED.
  • First, we need to declare the following variables.
    1. int buttonPin = A5; // This declare which pin the button is connected to.\
    2. int buttonState = 0; // Set the state of the button to low/0


  • Next we need to setup the button as an input.
    1. pinMode(buttonPin, INPUT); //This declares the button as an input on A5


  • Now we need to add the instructions for the loop.
  • First we need to tell the microcontroller that the input it is going to read is a digital input.
    1. buttonState = digitalRead(buttonPin);
  • Next we need to instruct the micrcontroller to look at the state of the input. It will then decide using an if/else statement whether to turn on the output or turn off the output.
    1. if (buttonState == HIGH)
    2. digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH); // Turn on the LED
    3. else
    4. digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW); // Turn off LED
  • Here is some help with the if and else statements (you can jump to 1 minute 50 seconds for the instructions)


  • Now click the upload button with the Arduino connected.


  • Below is a video of how it should work.

  • Below is a video explaining how to use the digitalRead and digitalWrite instructions (it does not use the Arduino Nano)

Badge It

  • To complete the badges you will need to Take a photo of your finished program and finished breadboard.
  • Silver: Upload a screenshot of your switch control sketch and a photo of your finished breadboard.
  • Gold: Write a sketch to allow the LED to flash continuously when the switch is pressed and then stop when the switch is released.
  • Platinum: Write a code to make the switch turn the LED on permanently and then off permanently each time you press the switch. Stuck? Try here for some ideas on how to make a latching switch Latching Switch. Alternatively, one approach - while not perfect - could be like this...

    At the top of the sketch (not in the main loop)...
    Make a variable called 'ledState' and set it to zero.
    In the main loop...
    IF the switch is pushed THEN
        IF ledState is 0 THEN
            turn the LED on
            wait about a second
            set ledState to 1
            turn the LED off
            wait about a second
            set ledState to 0